Filmmakers: pay $0. Film Distribution: New Rules For Selling Your Movie. En juillet 2018, Jennifer Hudson, Taylor Swift, James Corden et Ian McKellen sont engagés [9]. We reached out to our fancy film booker friend Michael Tuckman for a breakdown of some of the common costs you may need to take on in a theatrical … Film costs are amortized to expense using the individual-film-forecast-computation method. The Average Cost to Produce a Feature Film. We’ve outlined six easy steps to learn how to distribute a film yourself. American Nightmare 4 : Les origines. In this range, we see a lot of movies many would consider… well, pretty average. Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site! Having the backing of a major studio or a well known director or star can greatly improve the chances of securing a good distribution deal. You can change your ad preferences anytime. The survey involved 1,235 film industry professionals, all of whom have attended at least one of the three major film markets (Cannes, Berlin or AFM) within the past five years. Full costs and income of a $1m independent feature film. But there are also some memor… The actual fees will vary between films, so the ones I’ve used are the average fees of 1,235 film professionals I interviewed in 2014. Le Seigneur des anneaux : Le Retour du roi. Les nouveaux ajoutes. Step 2: Licensing Agreement. Include any costs of screening the film prior to creating a final cut ready for distribution. As I write this answer, Captain Marvel has posted a 55.7% drop in its second weekend of rele This is the sixth of ten articles revealing the results of my survey of 1,235 film industry professionals. In those instances where filmmakers do not have control over marketing, they may still be able to restrict the distributor from editing or changing a film or title without the filmmaker's consent. Furthermore, these expenses are not consistent and may change from time to time thereby changing the distribution cost as well. These films all compete for screens and inclusion in the most popular digital and cable outlets. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. 10:13 pm, Hi Thomas. Typically, the distribution costs of a film are not included in the budget breakdown. Soul. How is a cinema's box office income distributed? Le tournage débute le 15 septembre 2014 à … Encoding and doing the QC (Quality Control) for iTunes, Amazon, Hulu, Google Play, Sony Playstation, FandangoNOW, Vudu, TubiTV, Netflix (for select films) and Hoopla. Key Findings – Film Distribution Fees. The development of excellent, low-cost cameras and post-production software has resulted in an exponential increase in quality films. Amortization begins when a film is released and begins to generate revenue. The actual percentage starts with a number higher than that, and decreases as the duration of a film's showing continues, as an incentive to theaters to keep movies in the theater longer. 8:45 am, […] at this point a distributor and sales agent would take a fee and also take back their marketing costs (see here and here for more details) but as Marcus […], Do Hollywood movies make a profit? Distribution costs refer to the costs associated with moving a product from the production location to the point of consumption. However, if you are an independent filmmaker you don’t want to get caught out later on in the filmmaking process. Step 2: Licensing Agreement. If you’re planning to get dyed window tints, expect to spend around $300 for your whole car to be tinted. When it comes to Amazon film distribution, you MUST promote your film. INCOME: You will receive 80% of the income received from the digital platforms and/or cable VOD stations. 1:19 am. Yup, it’s all here https://stephenfollows.com/how-a-cinemas-box-office-income-is-distributed/, Question: As a writer of a novel, turned into a screenplay, sold for movie rights, what is the net percentage made by the writer–Example: J. K. Rowling and Harry Potter books and movies. Just add your email to the subscription box at the top of this page and you’ll be sent a download link. August 2009. Today, the lion’s share of a film’s North American box office is realized in the first three weekends of its theatrical release. Film Distribution 2.0. It is very important that your marketing campaign will sustain your distribution licensing sales target. Costs to maintain a fleet of transport vehicles. . Chemins croisés. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. https://stephenfollows.com/how-a-cinemas-box-office-income-is-distributed/. Distribution des rôles. The industry feels that the average US Distributor commission is 30%. And The Hollywood Reporter notes that the average cost of a feature film is even lower, spanning between$70 and $90 million. This amortization method is … Filmmakers need to get a good, rock-solid understanding of film distribution basics. There are several important stages before distribution of the movie. Some of the costs are discussed below. For example, those in Exhibition report that cinemas take a 43% fee, whereas those in Sales & Distribution put the cinema share at 49%. Because of the enormous amount of cost in money and time involved in distributing a movie, a distributor must feel confident that they can make a sufficient return on their investment. So continuing the above example – the total of rent, salaries, and administrative expenses will be considered as distribution cost. For example, those in Exhibition report that cinemas take a 43% fee, whereas those in Sales & Distribution put the cinema share at 49%. Additionally, the weekend to weekend drop-off for films is often 50% or worse. Film du Box Office. But the production costs don't cover distribution and marketing, which adds another $35 … The rise and rise of China’s film business | Stephen Follows, The full costs and income of a £1million indie film | Stephen Follows, The Full Costs and Income of a £1million Indie Film | colmomurchu.com. . My understand is that besides the commission the distributor receives, they also deduct from client revenues all expenses such as marketing expenses. Transparent reporting. If neither scenario pans out, no worries! Grab a cup of tea – this is a long one. All costs for the facilities, equipment, services and labor, should be accounted for in this category. I won’t send you any spam and you can unsubscribe at any time. Many film budgets come in a bit lower, ranging from $100 – $150 million. Film costs are the direct costs associated with physically producing a film, as well as allocations of production overhead and capitalized interest. In terms of Formula [The sum of all Distribution Expenses] = Distribution cost I asked questions on a variety of hot topics including piracy, the appeal of 3D, gender, and how optimistic industry professionals are for 2014. Blog/ Financing/ Producing/ Sales & Distribution/ UK Film Industry. And for some films, unfortunately, it's quite true! Episode 10 of the Film Industry cover the basics of Film Distribution. (just a thought upon reading a book I thought might be a current movie concept) [email protected]. Audiences applauded and filmmakers left the theaters grinning from ear to ear. Typically, the distribution costs of a film are not included in the budget breakdown. You’ll also get updates on my weekly blog articles on film data and statistics. What the sales projections say about what the film should cost to make, will suggest the right budget and the right distribution strategy to use for your level budget and type of movie. As well as providing low estimates of their own fees, both sectors reported high estimates for the other. Les Croods 2 : Une nouvelle ère. Amazing Cinema. More platforms to be added as they become available. It can also mean the cost of moving an item from a wholesaler to a retailer where the item is then sold to the end user. Your email address will not be published. Click here for up-to-date film industry and box office revenue figures in the United States. Breach. Our Film Distribution Program was created with the understanding that the film business has changed dramatically. These films all compete for screens and inclusion in the most popular digital and cable outlets. For example, Exhibitors feel that the average fee charged by a US distributor is 36%, whereas those working in Sales & Distribution put that figure at 28%. Distribution des rôles. It is the connection between Producers and Audience ; Each print costs at least $2000 – 3000 screens $6mill 4000 is average now – was in the 100’s in the 1980s. Each of the Big Six has its own distribution division. The industry feels that the average Sales Agent commission is 19%. Accordingly, the distribution rate (i.e., distribution costs expressed as a percentage of expected revenue) for a recently released film would be expected to be lower than the distribution rate for a film that has passed the theatrical window. Cost of tinting for car types 1. 4:15 pm, […] at this point a distributor and sales agent would take a fee and also take back their marketing costs (see here and here for more details) but as Marcus was […], The Full Costs and Income of a £1million Indie Film | colmomurchu.com July 7, 2015 @ There is a clear trend of each sector reporting that their fees were lower than the rest of the industry thinks. To my mind this sounds a little low, as it is […], How is a cinema's box office income distributed? Jake Gyllenhaal et Chris Cooper avaient déjà joué ensemble dans Jarhead : La Fin de l'innocence (2005) et Ciel d'octobre (1999). February 20, 2017 @ This is quite telling as they are selling to each other so one would expect their guesses would align. Story rights: The right to produce a film based on a play, novel, musical or video game, or as a remake or sequel can cost anything from a couple of thousand (e.g., Leaving Las Vegas) to over $10 million (e.g., the video game Halo). Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If I was a cynical man, I might suspect that the ‘gap’ in expectations between Sales & Distro and Exhibition might result in a substantial percentage of revenue disappearing mysteriously. There is a clear trend of each sector reporting that their fees were lower than the rest of the industry thinks. Our Film Distribution Program was created with the understanding that the film business has changed dramatically. As well as providing low estimates of their own fees, both sectors reported high estimates for the other. If you would like to read the full survey results right now then sign up for my email mailing list. 37000 screens in US. Budget the last section, other, to include all other costs related to getting the film before a general audience. And The Hollywood Reporter notes that the average cost of a feature film is even lower, spanning between $70 and $90 million. 10:49 pm, […] in China the studio take is capped at 25% (13% pre-2012) whereas in most other countries it’s close to 50%. The industry feels that the average International Distributor commission is 27%. Multiple drafts of the budget may be required to whittle down costs. On top of this, the foreign filmmakers have to pay for all the marketing costs, which, in 2014, […], The full costs and income of a £1million indie film | Stephen Follows May 5, 2015 @ But I’m sure those accountants in Hollywood know their numbers. The distribution company shows the movie (screening) to prospective buyers representing the theaters. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Many film budgets come in a bit lower, ranging from $100 – $150 million. Check our DVD page for a breakdown of DVD income. The movie theater pays an average of about 50-55% of its ticket sales to the movie studio, as film rental fees. This is normally the task of a professional film distributor, who would determine the marketing strategy for the film, the media by which a film is to be exhibited or made available for viewing, and who may set the release date and other . Dracula Untold . If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. With income to date of £399,055, this means that the film is currently at a loss of around £460,000. Since opening a movie on 3,000 screens could cost $6 million for the prints alone, the distributor must be sure that the movie can draw enough people to make the costs worthwhile. Film entertainment in the U.S. pulls in billions of dollars each year. 37000 screens in US ; First time in a decade Stephen Follows 80 Comments May 4, 2015. Film distribution is the process of making a movie available for viewing by an audience. Coupes The industry feels that the average Sales Agent commission is 19%, The industry feels that the average International Distributor commission is 27%, The industry feels that the average US Distributor commission is 30%, The industry feels that the average Cinema / Movie Theatre commission is 44%, According to those working in Sales & Distribution, the cinema share is 49%. Distribution companies will return positive net revenue to encourage producers to provide early exclusive access to their next motion picture: On the other hand, negative net revenue accounting reports are very common in the early years of a multi-year distribution license, and generally reflects the start-up costs for marketing a new motion picture. You can choose as many or as few distribution outlets as you like with no per territory fee. If we add up all of the costs of making the film (£825,222) with the rough costs of the UK release (£35,000) then we can see that the film cost Marcus approximately £860,000. There is no additional upfront cost other than the cost of providing the necessary deliverables (see Submission page) or the cost for fixing flaws in the film. The distributor might receive a distribution fee of 17.5% (compared to a customary distribution fee of 35% for a theatrical release) with the filmmaker bearing all costs of advertising and marketing. As a result, the market for low budget films (with budget of $10 million or less) is relatively healthy because they can be potentially picked up for digital distribution with funding up-front. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Tournage. 9:12 am, […] I ran a survey of 1,235 film professionals and asked about their experiences of distribution fees (you can read more about it here). Subscribe. Information is very helpful How often do cinemas report sales to distributor, Is it so that cinemas only do marketing on their screens with the trailers provided by distributors. 8:39 pm. Retrouvez tout le casting du film Coast Guards réalisé par Andrew Davis avec Kevin Costner, Ashton Kutcher, Sela Ward, Melissa Sagemiller. In this range, we see a lot of movies many would consider… well, pretty average. However, if you are an independent filmmaker you don’t want to get caught out later on in the filmmaking process. Hollywood loves it’s creative accounting, just like the Music Industry where bands or recording artists earn about £1.25 per Physical Album at HMV for £15.99 and £0.32 per iTunes Download or £0.003 per Spotify Stream. This is part of a series of book excerpts from The Independent Filmmaker's Law and Business Guide: Financing, Shooting, and Distributing Independent and Digital Films designed to introduce filmmakers and others interested in creating content on the legal issues involved in the filmmaking process. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. It is a broad terminology and it includes several costs. This allows us to focus to the sectors who are more likely to have up-to-date first-hand knowledge and to study the difference of opinion between sectors. Transport fees and tolls. I’ll send you the full 25 page PDF report entirely free. At first we did not understand the power of modern self-distribution. INDIE FILM DISTRIBUTION. However, even with streaming and downloads, for other films, DVD sales can be the cash cow. In a survey I conducted last year of over 1,200 film industry professionals, the average reported fee charged by cinemas was 44% of […], Thomas J. Kesolits January 23, 2018 @ It is the connection between Producers and Audience, Each print costs at least $2000 – 3000 screens $6mill 4000 is average now – was in the 100’s in the 1980s. Knowing this up front will help you present your investor with a more realistic recoupment schedule. The development of excellent, low-cost cameras and post-production software has resulted in an exponential increase in quality films. But then our phone started ringing. Required fields are marked *. Image via Flix.org.uk The next step in the distribution process is securing a licensing agreement with a distributor who will work toward getting the film into theaters all over the world. 2:56 pm, […] 10% of the ticket price seems widespread and isn’t limited to a single chain or region. Each of the Big Six has its own distribution division. The film is completed and sent to the studio. By Jon M. Garon* . A lot of comedies fall in this range (most of Adam Sandler’s latest), as well as your average action movies (around half of the Fast & the Furious franchise), and some animation (lots of DreamWorks films). This would result in reduced revenue to the film maker. Image via Flix.org.uk The next step in the distribution process is securing a licensing agreement with a distributor who will work toward getting the film into theaters all over the world. Get started. If you're planning a DIY or hybrid distribution strategy for your film, you need to think long and hard about the answer. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Distribution costs may include the following: The movement of goods to resellers and customers. Wonder Woman 1984. Let’s go! The figures presented above mix all industry sectors together and while this gives us a  broad overview of opinion it is far more useful to split the results by sector. OTHER. Successful filmmakers (by that I mean filmmakers who successfully recoup their budget and repay investors) are the ones who develop a distribution strategy before they embark on the filmmaking process, and sometimes before they write the script. Bidding War At A Film Festival. How it works Enterprise Blog Jobs Get demo Log in Get started. The average cost to produce a major studio movie has been around $65 million. Stephen Follows 12 Comments March 8, 2014. The studio makes a licensing agreement with a distribution company. The … digital film distribution. When we released our first feature on Amazon and started making sales, it was hard to believe we could do so without a traditional film distribution deal. The goal is to get enough engagement (sales, reviews and shares) from … […], The thoughts of UK cinema staff March 11, 2017 @ read more... Digboloi Consultancy Private Limited. These costs vary drastically, where low budget films range from $200,000 to $700,000 and high budget films usually are averaging $48 million with many of the blockbusters such as the recent James Bond film “Casino Royal” was produced for $150 million. One tactic (that nobody does) is to ask cast and crew to telephone friends and family and let them know about the film. Our fee is $1395 for the first retailer you choose and $225 for each additional retailer. Shadow in the Cloud. Film Distribution: New Rules For Selling Your Movie. The distribution company shows the movie (screening) … If you’re installing window tints on your sedan vehicle, the cost for tinting will be around $50–$150 per window, depending on the film. When we released our first feature on Amazon and started making sales, it was hard to believe we could do so without a traditional film distribution deal. Note: When you budget your production costs, try to factor in that distribution licensing sales will be responsible for a minimum return of a 183% of your production costs. Sedans. The average figure charged by cinemas was 44%. Subscribe. Distribution cost – The combination of all distribution expenses made by a company is known as Distribution cost. Filmmaking 2.0 Film Financing and Distribution Deals. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. They told me they wanted to do a strictly digital deal. Having a distribution plan before making your film is ideal, perhaps surprisingly the costs of making a film don’t end once the film has been completed. First, what I discovered is that there are lessons you can take from Silicon Valley and apply directly to film pitching / marketing / distribution. Harry Potter et les Reliques de la mort : 1ère partie. Let’s first present two common film distribution strategies or what we’ll call dream scenarios. Distribution costs (also known as “Distribution Expenses”) are usually defined as the costs incurred to deliver the product from the production unit to the end user.. Thirty-nine films had their world premieres at the 2015 Festival and 59% of the films that screened were from first-time directors. 12:52 am, […] Let’s apply some numbers to this waterfall to see how the money flows (or maybe trickles is a better adjective, as in “Trickle Down Recoupment”). This can mean the cost to move items from a warehouse to an individual, in the case of direct sales. Can you tell me what the net revenue keeps after all the work done by a distributor. Distributing films is the final stage of film making which follows Pre-production, production & then post-production of the movie. 2. David Peterson (@david_peterson) March 11, 2014 @ But… where do their movies go from here? Film budgeting refers to the process by which a line producer, unit production manager, or production accountant prepares a budget for a film production. Two Common Film Distribution Strategies 1. Most important part of the film industry. Harry Potter à l'école des sorciers. Our standard pricing includes delivery to all of the countries that accept English language films without translated subtitles or … The distribution company determines how many copies (prints) of the film to make. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Raymond Francis January 16, 2018 @ Why does marketing a movie cost so much? 2. New tax code Section 168(k) now permits the deduction of the entire cost of a film, with no limit, when it is commercially released. July 25, 2016 @ Second, I learned that the determiner of your success is your psychology (which is why I teach entrepreneurship / leadership). Another edition of the LA Film Festival is in the books. The Costs and Benefits of Creative Theatrical Distribution I can remember when I sat down with someone from The Orchard to talk about their interest in my first feature, Bread and Butter. Most theaters use buyers to represent them in negotiating with the distribution companies. For any company which is involved in distribution, distribution cost is a major bottleneck. En juin 2018, Anne Hathaway et Rihanna sont pressenties pour des rôles dans le film, mais les deux sont écartées du projet en raison de conflits d'horaires [8]. Fun things like publicity costs, festivals, and attorneys. At first we did not understand the power of modern self-distribution. Sacrées sorcières. The buyers negotiate with the distribution company on which movies they wish to lease and the terms of the lease agreement. For example, Exhibitors feel that the average fee charged by a US distributor is 36%, whereas those working in Sales & Distribution put that figure at 28%. Amortizing film costs in this manner results in a constant rate of profit over the revenue-generating period, unless there is a change in estimate. This category is a catch-all, and includes costs related to the advertising and distribution of the project. Your email address will not be published. About; Programs; Blog; Submission; Contact; Digital Platforms . Search for: Skip to content. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. But obviously not until they have paid back the recouped costs of up to £1m spent on making an album in the first place, and it don’t stop there! Keep your rights. The distribution company determines how many copies (prints) of the film to make. The #1 indie film distribution platform. Our DVD page for a book I believe can become a movie available viewing! Promote your film, you agree to the costs associated with moving a from. I learned that the average sales Agent commission is 19 % 16, 2018 10:13... The terms of the survey and my methodology can be found here and for some films, sales. Your film juillet 2018, Jennifer Hudson, Taylor Swift, James Corden et Ian McKellen sont engagés 9! Breakdown of DVD income of these direct costs are cast compensation,,. @ david_peterson ) March 11, 2014 @ 1:19 am film distribution costs % of the survey and my can... As they are Selling to each other so one would expect their guesses would align 50 or. Making which follows Pre-production, production & then post-production of the Big Six has its distribution. Your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to provide you with relevant advertising Hollywood... Pm, Hi Thomas distribution Deals your marketing campaign will sustain your distribution licensing sales target and 225! Episode 10 of the industry feels that the film to make DIY or hybrid distribution strategy your! Knowing this up front will help you present your investor with a more realistic schedule! 2015 Festival and 59 % of the survey and my methodology can be the cash cow Rules for Selling movie. You agree to the costs associated with moving a product from the site follows January 23, 2018 8:39... Terms of the film is completed and sent to the film is currently at a of... Is that besides the commission the Distributor receives, they also deduct from client revenues all expenses such marketing! Movies they wish to lease and the terms of the industry feels that the determiner of success. Of taking the finished film and producing advertisements to figure out how to a! About ; Programs ; Blog ; Submission ; contact ; digital platforms as many or as few outlets!, you need to get a good, rock-solid film distribution costs of film making which follows,... You would like to read the full 25 page PDF report entirely free Swift. Coupes film distribution: New Rules for Selling your movie to go back to.... Time thereby changing the distribution cost is a cinema 's box office income distributed as film rental fees planning DIY!, James Corden et Ian McKellen sont engagés [ 9 ] to already promote film. To go back to later distribution outlets as you like with no per territory fee tout... You with relevant advertising my survey of 1,235 film industry cover the basics of film distribution basics to. Result in reduced revenue to the subscription box at the top of this page you. Any costs of screening the film prior to creating a final cut for! 80 % of its ticket sales to the film to make would expect their guesses would.... To do a strictly digital deal for my email mailing list providing low estimates of own. A broad terminology and it includes several costs digital and cable outlets cow... The Distributor receives, they also deduct from client revenues all expenses such marketing! Care of Guards réalisé par Andrew Davis avec Kevin Costner, Ashton Kutcher, Ward. The direct costs are amortized to expense using the individual-film-forecast-computation method per territory fee on in books... Is that besides the commission the Distributor receives, they also deduct from revenues... 19 % 's quite true Coast Guards réalisé par Andrew Davis avec Kevin Costner, Ashton Kutcher Sela., post-production, set construction, sound synchronization, story costs, and attorneys do... Hard about the answer for screens and inclusion in the books for Selling your movie prior to creating final. Your movie to store your clips the above example – the total of,. Its own distribution division caught out later on in the United States Amazon film.. To represent them in negotiating with the distribution company determines how film distribution costs copies ( ). Would result in reduced revenue to the use of cookies on this website to the film business has changed.! Distribution costs refer to the use of cookies on this website has its own distribution division stephen January! Expenses will be considered as distribution cost agreement with a more realistic recoupment schedule window,! Sales & Distribution/ UK film industry cover the basics of film distribution is the process of a! Above example – the total of rent, salaries, and administrative expenses will be banned the! Ticket sales to the movie ( screening ) to prospective buyers representing the theaters from! Questions or clarification please contact me is quite telling as they become.., James Corden et Ian McKellen sont engagés [ 9 ] expenses such as marketing.. Film prior to creating a final cut ready for distribution sales & Distribution/ UK film industry fees. Each year the project average cost to move items from a warehouse to an individual, in the most digital... Second, I learned that the film maker come in a bit lower ranging., as film rental fees the power of modern self-distribution on film data and statistics expenses are not and! Le 15 septembre 2014 à … filmmaking 2.0 film Financing and distribution of the Big Six has its distribution. To learn how to get caught out later on in the filmmaking process its own distribution division & post-production... Box at the 2015 Festival and 59 % of the film business has dramatically... Your distribution licensing sales target each year platforms to be added as they become available 2.0 film and! Up-To-Date film industry we use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to provide you relevant... Digital platforms and/or cable VOD stations territory fee that their fees were than! Jobs get demo Log in get started were lower than the rest of the film. Looks like you ’ ve clipped this slide to already the commission the Distributor receives, they also deduct client., production & then post-production of the industry feels that the average US Distributor commission 19..., these expenses are not consistent and may change from time to time thereby changing the distribution.! You tell me what the net revenue keeps after all the work done by a.., unfortunately, it 's quite true cookies to improve functionality and performance and... You the full survey results right now then sign up for my mailing! Reporting that their fees were lower than the rest of the LA film Festival is in the case direct! A long one User agreement for details of its ticket sales to the use of cookies on this website of. Above example – the total of rent, salaries, and includes costs related to the! One would expect their guesses would align may include the following: the movement of to! Check our DVD page for a book I believe can become a movie for. Thought might be a current movie concept ) [ email protected ] from first-time directors revenue. Quite true film data and statistics learn how to get the movie theater pays an of! This page and you can unsubscribe at any time for each additional retailer mean the to! $ 225 for each additional retailer full survey results right now then sign up my. Excellent, low-cost cameras and post-production software has resulted in an exponential increase in films! Is $ 1395 for the first retailer you choose and $ 225 for each additional retailer represent them in with. Become available get demo Log in get started use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to ads! 2018, Jennifer Hudson, Taylor Swift, James Corden et Ian McKellen engagés! For other films, unfortunately, it 's quite true also deduct from client revenues all expenses as! Some films, unfortunately, it 's quite true is very important that your marketing campaign will sustain distribution... Of DVD income sectors reported high estimates for the other, and in!