At a Glance This paper looks at that dilemma for policy makers in Grenada. The small contingent of Spaniards compelled the Taíno, numbering perhaps 30,000, to mine for gold. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. It''s called Caribbean Countries and Territories, and includes things that just border on the Caribbean Sea. Those aren't the same thing. In 2000 there were 856 kilometers (531.6 miles) of roads in the U.S. Virgin Islands; the U.S. Virgin Islands has the only U.S. roads where driving is done on the left side of the road. In San Juan on the northern coast, mean temperatures range from 24°c (75 °f) for January to 27°c (81 °f) for July. Puerto Rico is separated from the Virgin Islands to the east by Vieques Sound and the Virgin Passage. There is a small number of people of Asian descent (0.2%). In 1940, when annual income per capita was $118, agricultural workers made as little as 6 cents an hour, and the illiteracy rate was 70%. By 2005, per capita GDP was $18,600, and illiteracy had declined to just 6% (estimated to be slightly higher for females). The College of the Virgin Islands was the territory’s first institution of higher learning. Matt Rosenberg. The island regions of Martinique, Guadeloupe and the BES islands are not included here because they are not technically dependent territories of the countries mentioned, instead being integrated areas of France and the Netherlands respectively. The district court has appellate jurisdiction over the territorial court. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. HOWLAND, BAKER, AND JARVIS ISLANDS The chief executive of the U.S. Virgin Islands is the territorial governor, elected by direct popular vote (prior to 1970, territorial governors were appointed by the U.S. president). NORTHERN MARIANAS St. John, also mountainous, has fine beaches and lush vegetation; about two-thirds of St. John’s area has been declared a national park. PALMYRA ATOLL 301,800), 4,403 sq mi (11,404 sq km), in the Atlan…, United States Army Warrant Officers Association, United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID), United States Amish and Pennsylvania Dutch, United States Air Force Academy: Tabular Data, United States Air Force Academy: Narrative Description, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), United States Agency for International Development, United Self-Defense Forces/Group of Colombia (AUC Autodefensas Unidas De Colombia), United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC), United Railways & Electric Co. OF Baltimore v. West 280 U.S. 234 (1930), United States Catholic Mission Association, United States Coast Guard Academy: Narrative Description, United States Coast Guard Academy: Tabular Data, United States Colonial Rule in the Philippines, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB), United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, United States District Court for the Eastern District OF Michigan, United States v. 407 U.S. 297 (1972), United States Foreign Policies Toward Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity, United States Geospatial Intelligence Foundation, United States Government Accountability Office, United States Government Publishing Office, https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/united-states-caribbean-dependencies-0. The West Indies can be taken to mean all the countries in and around the Caribbean Sea that lies within an area that stretches from Grand Bahama Island in the north to Curaçao in the south, and French Guiana in the east to Belize in the west. However, the date of retrieval is often important. By Stabroek News-- October 15, 2020 By Bert Hoffmann No region depends more on tourism than the Caribbean. Sugarcane, cultivated by slave labor, was the backbone of the islands’ prosperity in the 18th and early 19th centuries. In 1917, Puerto Ricans were granted U.S. citizenship. But despite the relatively high per capita incomes for a number of Caribbean countries, many have substantial social development problems, such as high poverty rates, income inequality, unemployment, underemployment and susceptibility to external forces (including weather, US economic fluctuations and changes in global commodity prices). The island’s primary export is refined petroleum products. A UN delegation in 1977 found little interest in independence, however, and a locally drafted constitution was voted down by the electorate in 1979. Puerto Rico’s businesses have duty-free access to the markets of the United States. Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn has said the government should consider imposing "direct rule" on the 14 British overseas territories and three Crown dependencies if they do not comply with UK tax law. This is an expanse (mostly of ocean) which measures about 1,000 miles (1,600 kilometres) from north to south, and over 2,500 miles (4,000 kilometres) from east to west. Caribbean Dependencies. ." Level 37. How many countries make in North America; Belize, Central America Don’t Forget The 22 Dependent Territories In North America. Enactment of the Revised Organic Act of the Virgin Islands on 22 July 1954 vested local legislative power—subject to veto by the governor— in a unicameral legislature. Ferré had supported statehood in the 1967 plebiscite. Nearly all of the Amerindian inhabitants (about 0.4% of the population in 2002) were exterminated in the 16th century. ." Not until colonization was well under way would the island acquire the name Puerto Rico (“rich port”), with the name San Juan Bautista applied to the capital city. The Roman Catholic religion is predominant (85%), but evangelical Protestant sects also have wide followings. Caribbean Dependency theories were all grounded in Conflict Theory (as initially formulated by Marx in the 1880s) and incorporated Critical theory (as initially formulated by the Frankfurt School during the 1930s). Puerto Rico’s new status as a free commonwealth voluntarily associated with the United States became effective on 25 July 1952. The holdings of the company were taken over as a Danish crown colony in 1754. It extends 179 kilometers (111 miles) from east to west and 58 kilometers (36 miles) from north to south. By then, the gold mines were nearly depleted. In 1948, Luis Muñoz Marín was elected to that office. The two largest Spanish-language daily newspapers, both from San Juan, are El Vocero de Puerto Rico (259,000 daily circulation in 2002), and El Nuevo Día (227,000). The next election was scheduled for November 2008. The second Amerindian group, the Igneri, came from northern South America. The U.S. Virgin Islands lie about 64 kilometers (40 miles) north of Puerto Rico and 1,600 kilometers (1,000 miles) south-southeast of Miami, between 17°40’ and 18°25’n and 64°34’ and 65°3’ n. The island group extends 82 kilometers (51 miles) north to south and 80 kilometers (50 miles) from east to west, with a total area of at least 353 square kilometers (136 square miles). Navassa is a tiny island that lies between Jamaica and Haiti in the Caribbean Sea. LANGUAGE : English; Bahamian dialect Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. Puerto Rico has a total area 9,104 square kilometers (3,515 square miles). It is crossed from east to west by mountain ranges, the most prominent being the Cordillera Central, rising to nearly 1,338 meters (4,390 feet). The coastal plain is about 24 kilometers (15 miles) wide at its broadest point. The commonwealth status was upheld in a plebiscite (general vote) in 1967, with 60.5% voting for continuation of the commonwealth and 38.9% for Puerto Rican statehood. In the late 1970s, the Virgin Islands government began to consider ways to expand self-rule. The Spanish colonizers then began importing slaves from Africa and sugarcane growing became the leading economic activity. These orthodox policy recommendations have … GUAM WAKE ISLAND The modern political world includes (58) territories and/or dependencies. Navassa was claimed by the United States under the Guano Act of 1856. Economic development is promoted by the U.S.-government–owned Virgin Islands Corp. This story of oil in the Caribbean has implications for scholarly debates around the so-called Anthropocene. In 2004, there were 1.1 million main telephone lines on the island; that year there were an estimated 2.7 million mobile cellular telephone lines, up from 169,265 in 1996. Boston University Libraries. Their land area is also reduced, the five dependencies cover just over 1,030 km² or 400 square miles. Ignoring the Central and South American nations that border the Caribbean Sea (whose cultural and linguistic heritage sets their history out of the scope of the region) there is a total of thirteen independent or sovereign states and nine island groupings that remain dependencies in one form or another, to the nations of the United Kingdom, United States, France, and the Netherlands.[1]. The slaves revolted and the Danish colonizers brutally suppressed them. The Taíno population began to suffer from being forced to work. . Rum remains an important manufacture, with petroleum refining (on St. Croix) a major addition in the late 1960s. He called the island San Juan Bautista (St. John the Baptist) and claimed it for Spain. Between 1958 and 1962 most of the British-controlled Caribbean was integrated as the new West Indies Federation in an attempt to create a single unified future independent state. Navassa is a tiny island that lies between Jamaica and Haiti in the Caribbean Sea. Haiti was established on January 1, 1804, becoming the first independent state i… The chief executive is the governor, elected by popular vote to a four-year term. The voters choose to keep the commonwealth status 48.4% to 46.2% for statehood and 4.4% for independence. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Excavations at St. Croix in the 1970s uncovered evidence of a civilization perhaps as ancient as ad 100. A Jewish synagogue there is the second-oldest in the New World, and the Lutheran Congregation of St. Thomas, founded in 1666, is one of the three oldest congregations in the United States. However there are a few countries which are still controlled by a mother country and these are called dependent territories. mi. The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico enjoys almost complete internal autonomy. Caribbean territories still … More than 40 steamship companies provide overseas freight and passenger service; San Juan, Ponce, and Mayagüez are the principal ports. Dependent Territories . The legislature consists of a 28-member senate and 51-member house of representatives elected by popular vote to four-year terms. The full list is shown in the table below, with current population and subregion (based on the United Nations official statistics). For more than 400 years, the island’s economy was based almost exclusively on sugar. United States Caribbean Dependencies. The Department of Guadeloupe includes the nearby islands of Marie-Galante, La Desirade, and Iles des Saintes. Encyclopedias almanacs transcripts and maps, Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. Historical buildings, cultural practices, public festivals as well as the population interest certain tourists (Daniel 170). Social. The subtropical climate, with temperatures ranging from 21–32°c (70–90 °f) and an average temperature of 25°c (77°f), is moderated by northeast trade winds. The population of the U.S. Virgin Islands was estimated at 108,605 in 2006, down from 123,498 in 2002. English is the official and most widely spoken language. Many of them are dependencies of other countries. Population: 122,211 Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. Lewis (2016:532) observes that “the most striking realisation from BREXIT is that integration processes do not necessarily follow an inevitable trajectory of ever-closer union but can unravel”. Appeals from Puerto Rican courts may be carried as far as the U.S. Supreme Court. The PNP also won control of the house, while the PPD retained the senate. Tropical fruits and other vegetation abound. Puerto Rico elects a commissioner to serve a four-year term as a nonvoting member of the U.S. House of Representatives. . Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. (352 sq km) The number of tourists rose dramatically throughout the late 1960s and early 1970s, from 448,165 in 1964 to 2.6 million in 2005. Constitutionally, the U.S. Congress has plenary authority to legislate for the territory. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. By 1990 there were 2,000 plants in Puerto Rico. There were about 70,900 main line telephones in 2004, and 41,000 mobile cellular phones. The average yearly rainfall is 114 centimeters (45 inches), mostly during the summer months. https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/united-states-caribbean-dependencies-0, "United States Caribbean Dependencies The population of the San Juan metropolitan area is more than one million. Endangered species on the island included the Puerto Rican plain pigeon, Puerto Rican parrot, Puerto Rican boa, giant anole, and hawksbill, leatherback, olive ridley, and green sea turtles. The main island of Puerto Rico is roughly rectangular in shape. Haiti has a population of over 10.7 million people, making it the second most populous Caribbean state. At that time, the U.S. Congress established an administration with a governor and an executive council, appointed by the U.S. president, and a popularly elected House of Delegates. 27, No. Retrieved January 12, 2021 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/united-states-caribbean-dependencies-0. Geography Expert. Christopher Columbus, who reached the islands in 1493, named them for the martyred virgin St. Ursula. This is, again, because of the incredible array of attractions their size allows. Exports for 2001 totaled $4.23 billion while imports totaled $4.61 billion. Services . The Federal Dependencies of Venezuela (Spanish: Dependencias Federales de Venezuela) encompass most of Venezuela's offshore islands in the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Venezuela, excluding those islands that form the State of Nueva Esparta and some Caribbean coastal islands that are integrated with nearby states. Haiti occupies three-eighths of Hispaniola Island (10,714 square miles). Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Improved economic conditions on the island and diminishing opportunities in the United States slowed migration by 1970. Everyone longs to be there. The territorial capital, Charlotte Amalie, is located on St. Thomas. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. Puerto Rico lies between 17°51’ and 18°31’ n and 65°13’ and 67°56’ w. It is separated from the Dominican Republic (on the island of Hispaniola) to the west by the Mona Passage, which is 121 kilometers (75 miles) wide. Tourism, which accounts for approximately 70% of both gross domestic product (GDP) and employment is the islands’ principal economic activity. A congressional act of 1950, affirmed by popular vote in the island on 4 June 1951, granted Puerto Rico the right to draft its own constitution. Encyclopedia.com. In 2001, Puerto Rico’s exports totaled $46.9 billion, imports totaled $29.1 billion. Luis Fortuno of the PNP was elected commissioner in November 2004. They are included in this list only for the convenience of the user. Thousands of Puerto Ricans commute annually between Puerto Rico and the United States. There are 13 sovereign island nations and 12 dependent territories, with close political ties throughout the region to Europe and the United States. the consequences of the shift from agriculture to an almost total dependency on tourism. Size: 136 sq. The population has more than doubled since 1930, despite extensive migration to the U.S. mainland. Electoral votes: 0 All of these are listed in alphabetical order with capital city and country of dependency reference. By 1514, there were only about 4,000 remaining. The separate history of the U.S. Virgin Islands began with the settlement of St. Thomas by the Danish West India Company in 1672. In November 2000, PPD candidate Anibal Acevedo-Vila was elected commissioner from Puerto Rico; in November 2004, Acevedo-Vila was elected governor of Puerto Rico. Other institutions of higher learning are the Catholic University of Puerto Rico in Ponce, and the Inter-American University with campuses at Hato Rey, San Germán, and elsewhere. About 80% of the population is black. St. Thomas is mountainous and little cultivated, but it has many snug harbors. The first settlers arrived on 12 August 1508, under the able leadership of Ponce de León, who sought to transplant and adapt Spanish civilization to Puerto Rico’s tropical habitat. At this time, St. Croix was inhabited by Carib Indians, who were eventually driven from the island by Spanish soldiers in 1555. If you’re curious about how many countries in the Caribbean specifically, the answer is 13! (January 12, 2021). Charlotte Amalie has one of the finest harbors in the Caribbean. Sir William Stapleton established the first federation in the British West Indies in 1674. Canadian Journal of Development Studies / Revue canadienne d'études du développement: Vol. In 2019, it was estimated that more than 647 million people lived in Latin America and the Caribbean. The Virgin Islands are two group…, Compiled from the October 2006 Background Note and supplemented with additional information from the State Department and the editors of this volume.…, AMERICAN SAMOA Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. St. Croix is relatively flat, with a terrain suitable for sugarcane cultivation. Fifty short rivers flow rapidly to the sea. Raw crude oil constitutes the Virgin Island’s principal import. Navassa. Caribbean Dependencies. Courts are under the U.S. federal judiciary; the two federal district court judges are appointed by the U.S. president. Caribbean Dependency Thought Revisited. Although the islands of the Bahamas…, the Bahamas (bəhä´məz), officially Commonwealth of the Bahamas, independent nation (2005 est. New or expanding manufacturing and hotel enterprises are granted exemptions of varying lengths and degrees from income taxes and municipal levies. ." It is one of the two independent American countries to make French their official language. Since 1947, agriculture has been diversified to include dairy production. An estimated 5.0 million tourists visited Puerto Rico in 2004. Rainfall, the main source of fresh water, varies widely, and severe droughts are frequent. Puerto Rico was briefly held by the English in 1598 and San Juan was besieged by the Dutch in 1625; otherwise, Spanish rule continued until the latter part of the 19th century. In 1952, there were only 82 labor-intensive plants on the island. Territories, Colonies, and Dependencies of Independent Countries Share Flipboard Email Print The US territory of Guam. These are St. Croix, which measures 218 square kilometers (84 square miles) in area; St. Thomas, which measures 83 square kilometers (32 square miles); and St. John, which measures 52 square kilometers (20 square miles). About one-third of the island’s land is arable. Its area is five square kilometers (two square miles). Publishing in English is The San Juan Star (daily circulation 76,873). Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Encyclopedia.com. Economic development has brought an influx of new residents, mainly from Puerto Rico, other Caribbean islands, and the U.S. mainland. In Dependency and Socialism in the Modern Caribbean Euclid Rose focuses upon the efforts made by the English-speaking Caribbean through case studies that compare and contrast the political economies of Guyana, Jamaica, and Grenada to break out of the legacy of colonial dependency and underdevelopment through the implementation of a Caribbean brand of socialism. I've never heard Mexico called a Caribbean country, and Guyana, Suriname and French Guyana are often included in cultural definitions, because of the close historical ties between them and the islands. St. Croix has two principal towns: Christiansted and Frederiksted. Source: The World Factbook, 2005The following is a list of dependencies—territories under the jurisdiction of another country. Now, during the corona crisis, it’s deserted and vulnerable. Note 5: French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Reunion are first-order administrative divisions of overseas France, and are therefore not dependencies or areas of special sovereignty. Spanish is the official language, but many Puerto Ricans also speak English, which is required as a second language in the schools. Text into your bibliography annually between Puerto Rico remained under colonial rule after the abolition slavery. S businesses have duty-free access to the United Nations busiest commercial air center in British. 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