The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. The Supreme Court has upheld the validity of the Tamil Nadu Government notification declaring an 'Elephant Corridor' in the Sigur Plateau of Nilgiris District.… Dogra, IFS, Rakesh Kumar, Wildlife Warden, South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests, "Conservation perspective of Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) in Tamil Nadu, Southern India", "Can a Tiger Change Its Stripes? The Politics of Conservation as Translated in Mudumalai", "Western Ghats sub cluster, Niligiris. [8], The Sigur Plateau has played a significant role in the mixing of elephant populations in the Western and Eastern Ghats. [22] The Sigur Plateau contains several discrete elephant migration corridors, including: Kallar Elephant Corridor, Anaikatty Elephant Corridor, Vazhikadavu Elephant Corridor, Glencorin Elephant Corridor, Kaniyanpura - Moyar Elephant Corridor, Masinagudi-Moyar Elephant Corridor, Singara-Masinagudi Elephant Corridor, Mavinhalla-Chemmanatham Elephant Corridor and Greater Moyar Valley Corridor. It is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau. As a result, these magma ends up lifting large, impenetrable rock above it. They include, from east to west: Sigur, Anaikatti, Chokkanalli, Vazhaithottam, Sholur, Masinagudi, Boothanatham, Mavanhalla, Bokkapuram, Hundi Moyar, Singhara, Tippakadu, Siriyur, Chamanatham and Kurumbarpallam. Due to their appearance, a common assumption is that vultures are bloodthirsty creatures. It has the Nilgiri hills on its south-western side and the Moyar river valley on its north-eastern side. If you score less, please … Continue reading "QUIZ – 2020: Insights Current Affairs Quiz, 23 October 2020" [7] The Western Ghats, the Nilgiri Sub-Cluster (more than 6,000 square kilometres (2,316.6 sq mi)), including all of Mudumalai National Park and the reserve forests of the Sigur Plateau, is under consideration by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee for selection as a World Heritage Site. Plateaus found in North Africa, Turkey, Iran, Tibet. The Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR), encompassing both the Sigur plateau and the Moyar valley, is believed to be home to 12-14 individuals.\ [30] An estimated 1,801 tons of firewood are collected from the Sigur Plateau annually. The Deccan Plateau has western ghats and eastern ghats of India. [36] Other important tourist villages are Chadpatti, Mavanhalla, Valaithottum and Singara. The public roads: Kakkanalli – Torapalli road, Teppakkadu – Masanagudi road and Moyar – Masanagudi road are also rewarding places to see wild life in the Sanctuary. Attempt Daily Current Affairs and GK Quiz of 18 and 19 October 2020 to boost your preparation of the general awareness section of the competitive exams. The Peninsular plateau is a tableland composed of the old crystalline, igneous and metamorphic rocks. [11], In 1954, a young man-eating male Bengal tiger named the "Tiger of Segur" killed 5 people between Sigur and Anaikatty villages in the Sigur Plateau. The elephants are now engaged mainly for Eco-tourism, patrolling for anti poaching operations, to control Man-Elephant conflict outside the sanctuary and as a conservation and training center for elephants which can be visited by public. [3], The Sigur Plateau is notable as an important wildlife corridor maintaining connectivity between the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats to sustain elephant and tiger numbers and their genetic diversity. Rainfall is locally variable, with the western part of the plateau lying in a rain shadow region, receiving less than 500 millimetres (19.7 in) annually, while the east part receives more than 1,000 millimetres (39.4 in) of rainfall. There are 11 government tourist facilities within Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary or within reserve forest or revenue land and none of them are fenced. It also has the Nilgiri hills on its southwestern side and the Moyar river valley on its northeastern side. It covers the 778.8 square kilometres (300.7 sq mi) portion of the Moyar River drainage basin on the northern slopes of the Nilgiri Hills, south of the Moyar River. EVICTION OF RESORTS IN ELEPHANT CORRIDOR | UPSC LAW OPTIONAL MAINS CURRENT AFFAIRS | ENVIRONMENTAL LAW The Elephant corridor situated in Sigur Plateau, connecting Western and Eastern Ghats is famous for large population of Elephants in Tamil Nadu. A pair of Asian king vultures have been sighted in Sigur plateau in Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu. Q.5) Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Raibenshe’ It is a genre of Indian folk martial dance performed by male only; It is primarily performed in Arunachal Pradesh Your email address will not be published. [20], Elevation in the plateau ranges from 280 metres (919 ft) at the Bhavani Sagar Reservoir and increases in the west to 1,880 metres (6,168 ft) at Konabetta Peak (Sigur Peak). It is situated near the Mudumalai National Park in the Nilgiris district. Goods and Services Tax: GST was introduced through the 101st Constitution Amendment Act, 2016. [4], It is an important link between several contiguous protected areas forming the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, the largest protected forest area in India. It is bounded by the Madhya Bharat Plateau and Bundelkhand Upland to the north, the Vindhya Range to the east and south, and the Gujarat Plains to the west. The high court had upheld the validity of the Tamil Nadu Government Notification of 2010 which had notified an 'Elephant Corridor' in the Sigur Plateau of Nilgiris District and has further directed resort owners and other private land owners to vacate and hand over the vacant possession of the lands falling within the notified elephant corridor to the District Collector, Nilgiris. Your email address will not be published. It is a nomadic survival place for Elephants in the form of forest. This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 15 times. The region is home to four vulture species, including the red-headed vulture. 5 MCQs from UPSC Previous Years Questions + 11 MCQs for practice from Rau’s Prelims Test Series 2021. The Nilgiris North Forest Division includes the Sigur Range 257.3 km2 (99.3 sq mi), Coonoor Range176.7 km2 (68.2 sq mi) and the Udhagai North Range 14.3 km2 (5.5 sq mi),[1] which are in turn divided into the Kambatti reserve forest, the Sigur reserve forest, the Kalhatti Slopes reserve forest, the Singara reserve forest, Bokkapuram reserve forest, Moyar reserve forest and Northern Hay reserve forest. the facilities charge less than Rs 500 per night. The questions are mainly framed from The Hindu and PIB news articles. HINDU NOTES-AUGUST 4 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs] ... it could prove catastrophic to the wildlife in the Sigur plateau and in the Nilgiris,as the road would pass through the Bandipur Tiger Reserve, conservationists have warned. Current Affairs ... as introducing large herbivores to the extremely sensitive Sigur plateau could have even more serious consequences on the local wildlife. This sanctuary declaration is expected to bolster wildlife conservation efforts, as the sanctuary managers will get financial support from the central government under Project Tiger. The Sigur Plateau is an important watershed area for the Cauvery River and its ecological health is important to the many people dependent on the Cauvery. (Including the Mudumalai, Mukurthi, Wayanad and Bandipur national parks)", "Conservation Strategies for Vultures in Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve", "Expand Mudumalai buffer zone, Jairam tells TN", "Tipu Sultan's Sathyamangalam connection", "Freedom from terror in 'Veerappan corridors, "MUDUMALAI WILDLIFE SANCTUARY & NATIONAL PARK", "Status Assessment of Tourism on the Sigur Plateau, Tamil Nadu, Impacts and Recommendations", Report – Study on Water Resources in the Sigur Plateau, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sigur_Plateau&oldid=992249306, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 07:52. [19] This part is of volcanic nature and has igneous rocks. Watch to learn: How UPSC frames questions for prelims. Enrich Your Learning: Sigur Plateau. These plateaus are one of the ancient landmasses on the surface of the earth. Scenic spots are the Chief Minister’s Watchtower, the view point at Kargudi, the Ombetta Lake and the Safari Van rides on Sand Road, Circular Road, Manradiar Road, Jayadev Avenue and Bombax Road. The Moyar River running through a dense forest is a good place to see animals when they come to drink water from the river. A) None of the above statements are true. Answer Key & Detailed Solutions – UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam -2017 General Studies – 1 SET – Unknown NOTE: Please share your scores in the comment box. Aspirants can check the other geography-related articles that can complement your preparation: Plateau is an area of raised land that is flat on top. [24][25] The second-highest plateau is the Deosai Plateau of the Deosai National Park (also known as Deoasai Plains) at an average elevation of (13,497 ft). The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. There are also many unauthorised small homestays operating. In the competitive exams conducted by UPSC, questions on World Heritage sites are a must. Some of the higher elevations of the plateau have montane grassland habitats. [15], Sigur Plateau comprises about 448.3 km2 (173.1 sq mi) reserve forests of the Nilgiris North Forest Division, the 321 km2 (123.9 sq mi) Mudumalai National Park and about 16.2 km2 (6.3 sq mi) of private lands. Smaller carnivores such as palm civet, small Indian civet, jungle cat, jackal and several species of mongoose also use this valley intensively for feeding, resting and denning. ... UPSC Current Affairs PDF 20.10.2020 (English) UPSC Current Affairs PDF 20.10.2020 (Hindi) Here are the links: The Supreme Court upheld a Madras High Court order ratifying a state government decision to earmark the Sigur plateau in the Nilgiris as an elephant corridor in 2010 and raze all resorts in nearby Mudumalai to facilitate their movement through the corridor. Plateaus are often by themselves with no surrounding plateau. In 2011, the Madras HC had upheld the validity of the Tamil Nadu government’s notification (of 2010) declaring an ‘Elephant Corridor’ in the Sigur Plateau of Nilgiris District. It is important that the forest should be allowed to recover, as it is the main source of supply to Utakamund for house-building purposes. It is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau. This area supports over 6,300 elephants,[5] that represents the largest single population of elephants and tigers in India. 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