4–25", "Solid Geology – 1:250,000 scale (Source: British Geological Survey, NERC)", "Indices Data - Birmingham Airport Station 2121", "Birmingham-Elmdon climate normals 1961-1990", "Birmingham, United Kingdom – Monthly weather forecast and Climate data", "Birmingham joins San Francisco and Oslo in global green cities club", "PG1 Green Belt Assessment 2013.pdf | Birmingham City Council", "Birmingham City Council website: Your local park", "A Vision of Britain through time, Population Statistics, University of Portsmouth, Birmingham District through time: Total Population", "Overview | Population and census | Birmingham City Council", "2011 Census: Key Statistics for Local Authorities in England and Wales", "2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in England and Wales", "One fifth of children from ethnic minorities", "2001 Census of Population: Key Findings", "2001 Population Census: Gender Profiles", "Birmingham Neighbourhood Statistics – Same-Sex couples", "Neighbourhood Statistics, Area: Birmingham (Local Authority)", "Urban Audit – City Profiles: Birmingham", "2011 Census: KS209EW Religion, local authorities in England and Wales (Excel sheet 270Kb)", "KS07 Religion: Census 2001, Key Statistics for local Authorities", "New 21-story apartment block set for Birmingham city centre", "Plans revealed for 24-storey student flats complex", "Birmingham – Employee Jobs (2012) – Area Comparison – Public admin, education and health (O-Q) (Great Britain)", "Birmingham – Employee Jobs (2012) – Area Comparison – Financial and other business services(K-N) (Great Britain)", "ONS data analysis: The value of West Midlands business and how it compares to other regions", "Regional gross value added (income approach), UK: 1997 to 2015", "New figures reveal regional entrepreneurial hotpots", "Birmingham races ahead for new businesses but jobs still a battle", "Centre for Cities says economic gap with London widening", "All people – Economically active – Unemployed (model based) (Great Britain)", "Labour Market Profile - Nomis - Official Labour Market Statistics", "Birmingham ranked alongside Rome in quality of life survey", "Birmingham Big City Plan – Work in Progress", "UK Government creates 4 enterprise zones to help small businesses", "Cultural Production in the British Bhangra Music Industry: Music-Making, Locality, and Gender", "Birmingham Hippodrome Achieves Business Continuity with SteelEye LifeKeeper", "Glenn Howells and Mike Hayes join board of Birmingham Hippodrome", "Step-by-step guide to dance: Birmingham Royal Ballet", "Getting out of the House: Unorthodox Performance Spaces in Recent British and Irish Productions", "John Wyndham & H G Wells – Christopher Priest", "Literary connections with Birmingham, Warwickshire", "Tindal Street Press Celebrates 10 Years", "The mogul's monuments – How Oscar Deutsch's Odeon cinemas taught Britain to love modern architecture", "Alec Issigonis, Automotive Designer (1906–1988)", "The UK's top LGBT festivals and events in 2016", "Birmingham's Frankfurt Christmas Market", "Will a fest by any other name smell as sweet? Since 2001, Birmingham has also been host to the Frankfurt Christmas Market. The Coptic Orthodox Diocese of the Midlands is also based at Birmingham, with a cathedral under construction. The Mailbox, in the city centre, is the national headquarters of BBC English Regions[347] and the headquarters of BBC West Midlands and the BBC Birmingham network production centre. Weather station is located 7 miles (11 km) from the Birmingham city centre. 3 reviews of City of Birmingham Police Department "Spending three weeks in a city, you sometimes have an opportunity to see their law enforcement at work. The BBC Drama Village, based in Selly Oak, is a production facility specialising in television drama.[348]. Birmingham is the seat of Jefferson County, Alabama's most populous and fifth largest county. The true perpetrators of the attacks are yet to be arrested. [125] Between 1961 and 1990 Birmingham Airport averaged 13.0 days of snow lying annually,[126] compared to 5.33 at London Heathrow. [114], Birmingham has a temperate maritime climate, like much of the British Isles, with average maximum temperatures in summer (July) being around 21.3 °C (70.3 °F); and in winter (January) around 6.7 °C (44.1 °F). [84] Joseph Chamberlain, mayor of Birmingham and later an MP, and his son Neville Chamberlain, who was Lord Mayor of Birmingham and later the British Prime Minister, are two of the most well-known political figures who have lived in Birmingham. [80] Birmingham schoolteacher Rowland Hill invented the postage stamp and created the first modern universal postal system in 1839. [249], Postwar redevelopment and anti-Victorianism resulted in the loss of dozens of Victorian buildings like New Street station and the old Central Library, often replaced by brutalist architecture. [23] Birmingham is the fourth-most visited city in the UK by foreign visitors. Duties: Built to haul the Coronation Scot, an express passenger train of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway inaugurated in 1937 for the coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth. [149], 45.5% of people said they were in very good health which was below the national average. Composers born in the city include Albert William Ketèlbey and Andrew Glover. Other notable professional orchestras based in the city include the Birmingham Contemporary Music Group, the Royal Ballet Sinfonia and Ex Cathedra, a Baroque chamber choir and period instrument orchestra. Two-fifths of Birmingham's population live in areas classified as in the 10% most deprived parts of England, and overall Birmingham is the most deprived local authority in England in terms of income and employment deprivation. [151], Christianity is the largest religion within Birmingham, with 46.1% of residents identifying as Christians in the 2011 Census. [261], Birmingham Airport, located 6 miles (9.7 km) east of the city centre in the neighbouring borough of Solihull, is the seventh busiest airport by passenger traffic in the UK and the third busiest outside the London area, after Manchester and Edinburgh. There are several Christadelphian meeting halls in the city and the Christadelphian Magazine and Publishing Group has its headquarters in Hall Green. Birmingham has several major local newspapers – the daily Birmingham Mail and the weekly Birmingham Post and Sunday Mercury, all owned by Reach plc. Birmingham Pride takes place in the gay village. See current career opportunities that are available at City of Birmingham, Michigan Birmingham (/ˈbɜːrmɪŋəm/ (listen)[3][4][5] BUR-ming-əm) is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England. [101], Recently, many parts of Birmingham have been transformed, with the redevelopment of the Bullring Shopping Centre,[102] the construction of the new Library of Birmingham (the largest public library in Europe) and the regeneration of old industrial areas such as Brindleyplace, The Mailbox and the International Convention Centre. [105] Labour replaced the previous no overall control status at the May 2012 elections. This compares with an estimated rate of 9.1% for the previous decade.[142]. [134] Sutton Park, which covers 2,400 acres (971 ha) in the north of the city,[136] is the largest urban park in Europe and a national nature reserve. [221][222] The streets of Birmingham's gay district pulsate with a carnival parade, live music, a dance arena with DJs, cabaret stage, women's arena and a community village. There are a number of late night pubs in the Irish Quarter. There is a large group of children under the age of five reflecting high numbers of births in recent years. [48] The town's reputation for political radicalism and its strongly Parliamentarian sympathies saw it attacked by Royalist forces in the Battle of Birmingham in 1643,[49] and it developed into a centre of Puritanism in the 1630s[48] and as a haven for Nonconformists from the 1660s. [265] It is the national hub for CrossCountry, the most extensive long-distance train network in Britain,[266] and a major destination for Avanti West Coast services from London Euston, Glasgow Central and Edinburgh Waverley. There are several major National Health Service hospitals in Birmingham. [295] Queen Alexandra College is a specialist college based in Harborne offering further education to visually impaired or disabled students from all over the United Kingdom.[296]. [229] It is also the largest kind of boat race in the United Kingdom. A number of Georgian buildings survive, including St Philip's Cathedral, Soho House, Perrott's Folly, the Town Hall and much of St Paul's Square. The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, adjacent to the Birmingham Medical School in Edgbaston, is one of the largest teaching hospitals in the United Kingdom with over 1,200 beds. There are also many specialist hospitals, such as Birmingham Children's Hospital, Birmingham Women's Hospital, Birmingham Dental Hospital, and the Royal Orthopaedic Hospital. Birmingham was granted city status in 1889 by Queen Victoria. Birmingham is chiefly a product of the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries; its growth began during the Industrial Revolution. [333] The city is also home to one of the oldest American football teams in the BAFA National Leagues, the Birmingham Bulls. [312] Fire and rescue services in Birmingham are provided by West Midlands Fire Service and emergency medical care by West Midlands Ambulance Service. [113], Birmingham is dominated by the Birmingham Fault, which runs diagonally through the city from the Lickey Hills in the south west, passing through Edgbaston and the Bull Ring, to Erdington and Sutton Coldfield in the north east. [43] Equally significant was the town's emerging role as a centre for the iron merchants who organised finance, supplied raw materials and traded and marketed the industry's products. City of Birmingham | 3,301 followers on LinkedIn. [293] Bournville College is based in a £66 million, 4.2 acre campus in Longbridge that opened in 2011. Birmingham City Council is made up of 9 members & is the legislative branch of the city government as defined by the Mayor-Council Act of Alabama. Birmingham was twinned with Zaporizhzhia, in Ukraine, in the late Soviet Union period. The City of Birmingham, Michigan is located approximately halfway between the City of Detroit and the City of Pontiac, in Oakland County. Surrounding this is Birmingham's metropolitan area – the area to which it is closely economically tied through commuting – which includes the former Mercian capital of Tamworth and the cathedral city of Lichfield in Staffordshire to the north; the industrial city of Coventry and the Warwickshire towns of Nuneaton, Warwick and Leamington Spa to the east; and the Worcestershire towns of Redditch and Bromsgrove to the south west. This is the first time it has featured in the top 50. Literary figures associated with Birmingham include Samuel Johnson who stayed in Birmingham for a short period and was born in nearby Lichfield. [278] The canals are mainly used today for leisure purposes,[279] and canalside regeneration schemes such as Brindleyplace have turned the canals into a tourist attraction. [134] Birmingham Botanical Gardens, located close to the city centre, retains the regency landscape of its original design by J. C. Loudon in 1829,[137] while the Winterbourne Botanic Garden in Edgbaston reflects the more informal Arts and Crafts tastes of its Edwardian origins. [214] Its design holdings include Europe's pre-eminent collections of ceramics and fine metalwork. [214] It also holds a significant selection of old masters – including major works by Bellini, Rubens, Canaletto and Claude – and particularly strong collections of 17th-century Italian Baroque painting and English watercolours. This is a strategic local government policy used to prevent urban sprawl and preserve greenfield land. The differences are most marked in the oldest age group reflecting greater female longevity, where more women were 70 or over. Birmingham Central Mosque, one of the largest in Europe, was constructed in the 1960s. [77] Lord Durham, who drafted the Act, wrote that "the country owed Reform to Birmingham, and its salvation from revolution". [53] The close relationship between Enlightenment Birmingham's leading thinkers and its major manufacturers[54] – in men like Matthew Boulton and James Keir they were often in fact the same people[55] – made it particularly important for the exchange of knowledge between pure science and the practical world of manufacturing and technology. Fax Number:205- 254-2963. Since 2001, the population has grown by 99,500, or 10.1%. For the city in Alabama, see, Articles relating to the City of Birmingham, Although Birmingham is de facto the second-largest city, it is technically the largest ". During the 1960s, Birmingham was the home of a music scene comparable to that of Liverpool. Professional boxing, hockey, skateboarding, stock-car racing, greyhound racing and speedway also takes place within the city. What are synonyms for City of Birmingham? Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England. [191], The Birmingham Opera Company under artistic director Graham Vick has developed an international reputation for its avant-garde productions,[192] which often take place in factories, abandoned buildings and other found spaces around the city. The largest city in the state, it was long a leading iron and steel center, the "Pittsburgh of the South." [236] The Balti, a type of curry, was invented in the city, which has received much acclaim for the 'Balti Belt' or 'Balti Triangle'. This was attributed to a 5% increase in house prices and local investment into infrastructure. [118] Between 1971 and 2000 the warmest day of the year on average was 28.8 °C (83.8 °F)[119] and the coldest night typically fell to −9.0 °C (15.8 °F). [94][95][96], Birmingham remained by far Britain's most prosperous provincial city as late as the 1970s,[97] with household incomes exceeding even those of London and the South East,[98] but its economic diversity and capacity for regeneration declined in the decades that followed World War II as Central Government sought to restrict the city's growth and disperse industry and population to the stagnating areas of Wales and Northern England. [36] This established Birmingham as the primary commercial centre for the Birmingham Plateau at a time when the area's economy was expanding rapidly, with population growth nationally leading to the clearance, cultivation and settlement of previously marginal land. Birmingham has a wealth of existing sports venues, arenas and conference halls that are ideal for hosting sport during the Games. [193] More conventional seasons by Welsh National Opera and other visiting opera companies take place regularly at the Birmingham Hippodrome.[194]. [74] Freeing for the first time the manufacturing capacity of human society from the limited availability of hand, water and animal power, this was arguably the pivotal moment of the entire industrial revolution and a key factor in the worldwide increases in productivity over the following century. [106] The honour and dignity of a Lord Mayoralty was conferred on Birmingham by Letters Patent on 3 June 1896. [189] Other producing theatres in the city include the Blue Orange Theatre in the Jewellery Quarter; the Old Rep, home stage of the Birmingham Stage Company; and @ A. E. Harris, the base of the experimental Stan's Cafe theatre company, located within a working metal fabricators' factory. The official page for the City of Birmingham. Today, the city is home of two of the country's oldest professional football teams: Aston Villa F.C., which was founded in 1874 and plays at Villa Park; and Birmingham City F.C., which was founded in 1875 and plays at St Andrew's. Birmingham has three mainstream digital-only news publishers, I Am Birmingham, Birmingham Updates and Second City. [277], An extensive canal system still remains in Birmingham from the Industrial Revolution. [230], Birmingham's development as a commercial town was originally based around its market for agricultural produce, established by royal charter in 1166. [170] Levels of unemployment are among the highest in the country, with 10.0% of the economically active population unemployed (Jun 2016). Easily accessible to all major freeways and the airport, Birmingham is also bordered by Bloomfield Hills, Bloomfield Township, Beverly Hills, Royal Oak and Troy. [24], The name Birmingham comes from the Old English Beormingahām,[25] meaning the home or settlement of the Beormingas – a tribe or clan whose name literally means "Beorma's people" and which may have formed an early unit of Anglo-Saxon administration. Birmingham City Centre. Birmingham, Alabama 35203. [68] In 1746 John Roebuck invented the lead chamber process, enabling the large-scale manufacture of sulphuric acid,[69] and in 1780 James Keir developed a process for the bulk manufacture of alkali,[70] together marking the birth of the modern chemical industry. Get the inside scoop on jobs, salaries, top office locations, and CEO insights. From 1997 until December 2006, the city hosted an annual arts festival ArtsFest, the largest free arts festival in the UK at the time. [202] The influence of the Royal Birmingham Society of Artists and the Birmingham School of Art made Birmingham an important centre of Victorian art, particularly within the Pre-Raphaelite and Arts and Crafts movements. [56] This created a "chain reaction of innovation",[57] forming a pivotal link between the earlier scientific revolution and the Industrial Revolution that would follow. Birmingham City Centre Birmingham England Red Bus Bus Station Model … [274] The number 11 outer circle bus route, which operates in both clockwise and anti-clockwise directions around the outskirts of the city, is the longest urban bus route in Europe, being over 26 miles (42 km) long[275] with 272 bus stops. [27] Surrounding settlements with names ending in -tūn (farm), -lēah (woodland clearing), -worð (enclosure) and -field (open ground) are likely to be secondary settlements created by the later expansion of the Anglo-Saxon population,[28] in some cases possibly on earlier British sites. [22] The city will host the 2022 Commonwealth Games. Easily accessible to all major freeways and the airport, Birmingham is also bordered by Bloomfield Hills, Bloomfield Township, Beverly Hills, Royal Oak and Troy. [287] Another top business school in the city includes Aston Business School, one of fewer than 1% of business schools globally to be granted triple accreditation,[288] and Birmingham City Business School. The Birmingham Tattoo is a long-standing military show held annually at the National Indoor Arena. [319], Birmingham has played an important part in the history of modern sport. The population density is 10,391 inhabitants per square mile (4,102/km2) compared to the 976.9 inhabitants per square mile (377.2/km2) for England. [125], Birmingham is a snowy city relative to other large UK conurbations, due to its inland location and comparatively high elevation. Tax and License Effective December 2019, the City of Birmingham has contracted with Avenu to provide business license and tax filing services. ", "Another Record year for Frankfurt Christmas Market", "Birmingham's Frankfurt Christmas Market will be back 15 November – 22 December", "St Joseph makes a splash at the 2019 Nowka Bais", "Free festival with street food and dragon boat racing returns to Birmingham", "Birmingham Council set to give green light to Digbeth market scheme", "The Wholesale shebang: traders at Birmingham's Wholesale Market may have a new home at Prupim's Hub by 2012. City centre improvements and … to and from London only. There are two other cathedrals: St Chad's, seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Birmingham and the Greek Orthodox Cathedral of the Dormition of the Mother of God and St Andrew. The Birmingham Royal Ballet is one of the United Kingdom's five major ballet companies and one of three based outside London. [75], Birmingham rose to national political prominence in the campaign for political reform in the early 19th century, with Thomas Attwood and the Birmingham Political Union bringing the country to the brink of civil war during the Days of May that preceded the passing of the Great Reform Act in 1832. The West Midlands conurbation had a population of 2,441,00 (2011 est.,), and 2,762,700 people live in the West Midlands (county) (2012 est.,). [251] In inner-city areas too, much Victorian housing was demolished and redeveloped. Modelled on its German counterpart, it has grown to become the UK's largest outdoor Christmas market and is the largest German market outside of Germany and Austria,[226] attracting over 3.1 million visitors in 2010[227] and over 5 million visitors in 2011. Putting People First | The official page for the City of Birmingham. [309], There are 41 local libraries in Birmingham, plus a regular mobile library service. [107], Birmingham's ten parliamentary constituencies are represented in the House of Commons as of 2020[update] by two Conservative and eight Labour MPs. [104] Its headquarters are at the Council House in Victoria Square. Birmingham's local public transport network is co-ordinated by Transport for West Midlands. The first recorded gun maker in Birmingham was in 1630, and locally made muskets were used in the English Civil War. Birmingham is drained only by minor rivers and brooks, primarily the River Tame and its tributaries the Cole and the Rea. The Wing Yip food empire first began in the city and now has its headquarters in Nechells. [139], Birmingham has many areas of wildlife that lie in both informal settings such as the Project Kingfisher and Woodgate Valley Country Park and in a selection of parks such as Lickey Hills Country Park, Pype Hayes Park & Newhall Valley, Handsworth Park, Kings Heath Park, and Cannon Hill Park, the latter also housing the mini zoo, Birmingham Wildlife Conservation Park. People from Birmingham are called Brummies, a term derived from the city's nickname of "Brum", which originates from the city's old name, Brummagem, which in turn is thought to have derived from "Bromwich-ham". [16] Birmingham's distinctive economic profile, with thousands of small workshops practising a wide variety of specialised and highly skilled trades, encouraged exceptional levels of creativity and innovation and provided an economic base for prosperity that was to last into the final quarter of the 20th century. [254], Highrise development has slowed since the 1970s and mainly in recent years because of enforcements imposed by the Civil Aviation Authority on the heights of buildings as they could affect aircraft from the Airport (e.g. The Mailbox which caters for more affluent clients is based within the city. Since 1921, the City of Birmingham Choir (http://citychoir.org.uk) has entertained audiences with a wide and adventurous repertoire. Other popular bands from Birmingham include Duran Duran, Fine Young Cannibals, Felt, Broadcast, Ocean Colour Scene, The Streets, The Twang, King Adora, Dexys Midnight Runners, and Magnum. Tax and License Administration Division. [89], The city was extensively redeveloped during the 1950s and 1960s. [154] During the late 1990s Ghamkol Shariff Masjid was built in Small Heath. To the south west of the city lie the Lickey Hills,[111] Clent Hills and Walton Hill, which reach 1,033 feet (315 m) and have extensive views over the city. [203] Major figures included the Pre-Raphaelite and symbolist Edward Burne-Jones; Walter Langley, the first of the Newlyn School painters;[204] and Joseph Southall, leader of the group of artists and craftsmen known as the Birmingham Group. There are 1,946 listed buildings in Birmingham and thirteen scheduled ancient monuments. [50], The 18th century saw this tradition of free-thinking and collaboration blossom into the cultural phenomenon now known as the Midlands Enlightenment. Public consultation on regeneration plans for central Birmingham to be launched The cost of funerals could be changing – have your say! City of Birmingham’s Open and Closed Solicitations are posted below. The City of Birmingham announced late Tuesday night the budget for the 2021 fiscal year proposed by Mayor Randall Woodfin was approved. Retirement: After being withdrawn in 1964, it was passed through for preservation at Birmingham Science Museum. Birmingham’s citywide email system is the best way to receive the la... test news about our City! The 2022 Commonwealth Games in Birmingham are expected to generate a £526 million boost to the West Midlands regional economy. [273] Bus routes are mainly operated by National Express West Midlands, which accounts for over 80% of all bus journeys in Birmingham, though there are around 50 other, smaller registered bus companies. The city has more miles of canal than Venice, though the canals in Birmingham are a less prominent and essential feature due to the larger size of the city and the fact that few of its buildings are accessed by canal. These issues are further compounded by the City Manager himself as he is a lifelong Birmingham resident and holds the City in high regard. Birmingham (/ ˈbɜːrmɪŋhæm / BUR-ming-ham) is a city in the north central region of the U.S. state of Alabama. 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