PAKISTAN. Vernacular Architecture of Bengal . TEMPARATURE The great Himalayas start a distance of only 300 miles from the Bay of Bengal and the coastal tropical rain forest, Sundarbans. The walls support a roof construction made of bamboo and covered with paddy-straw with a thatching of a more durable grass. RAINFALL WATTLE INDIAN VERNACULAR PLANNING Indian vernacular planning involves planning and designing a built environment with the informal, functional design of structures. The early Mauryan buildings and … Architecture provides a sense of place and support of all types of human activity. Essays Kerala Architecture Vernacular For Of Scholarships. Architecture provides a sense of place and support of all types of human activity. Basic form later developed and became more complex, though the size and complexity of the floor plan was limited by the necessity of maintaining airflow around and through each room. BUILDINGS ON STILTS 2. iPad The architecture of Bengal, consists of the modern country of Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal, has a long and rich history, blending with native features with influences from different parts of the world. Saved by Diana Wilson. Fournier came to Kolkata in 1993 as a 27-year-old architecture student on a French government scholarship.   The hot season lasts from March to early June, with daytime temperatures ranging from 38 to 45 °c. (THE COAST) VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE : VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE The term vernacular architecture refers to those buildings made by common builders in an informal way, rather than by architects using design methodologies. Traditional House in West Bengal (Paper Model) ABSTRACT: Among the few beautiful things left by colonization to us, is a mix-bred form of architecture, born off traditionalism and colonialism. NEW TIN ROOFING Jahangir introduced the form to the Bengal is a land of culture and art carved by innumerable temples. Form and climatic response : Form and climatic response The corners of the veranda were often partitioned off as separate rooms for bathing or sleeping The walls were generally made of mud. sunderban village , west bengal the interesting atchala (eight-roof) and choushala (four - ... 2.vernacular architecture of west bengal by authorstream. 8. RAINFALL SLATE Most were between 4x3m and 4x5m. Factors influencing Vernacular architecture 6. Due to multiple artistic influences acting upon the region during this period the Brick temples of Bengal show wide range of forms and techniques of … Mughal architecture and Shah Jahan glorified it reproducing it in red • One of the largest... 4. The Hooghly Villa: Influenced by the terracotta art of West-Bengal! post updated 12 Oct 2020. INDIA ARABIAN SEA. SOURCE : A constitutional History of India in Hindu Times Ayaswal, Kashi Prasad (1978). Much to the surprise of their neighbours, the house built with mud and bamboo had sustained minimal damage in the devastating storm. paddy thatch roof. Bengal is not rich in good stones for construction, so the traditional Bengali architecture mainly uses brick and wood, often reflecting the styles of wood, bamboo, and straw styles of local vernacular architecture for homes. The early Mauryan buildings and works of art were mostly wooden. West Bengal : Zonal Classification according to climate Materials Available : Materials Available WOOD STONE SLATE MAY – FAIR, DARJEELING Materials Available : Materials Available TILES LIME TIN Technology Adapted : Technology Adapted SLOPING ROOF / CURVED ROOF Architecture West Bengal; Architecture Courses in West Bengal (19) Sort by . complex. Vernacular of south Chennai, and vernacular architecture of west Bengal (Digha area). vernacular built fabric from effects of Globalization! West Bengal Tourism; ... “ Gour is dotted with many specimens of medieval architecture, out of which the Dakhil Darwaza is the most spectacular one. Floors were made of mud and were generally raised a foot or two above the ground to provide some protection from flooding. by comma or enter. Bengali architecture includes ancient urban architecture, religious architecture, rural vernacular architecture, colonial townhouses and country houses and modern urban styles. Flag for inappropriate content. BRITIGHAR (the house and all its rooms fenced within one boundary); AFGHANISTAN. Due to a heavy storm, followed by a heavy rain, a large number of trees gets knocked down and many houses gets severely damaged. (THE PLAINS) WOOD 3. 2. the environmental, cultural, technological, and historical context in which it exists. & GEOLOGICAL LOCAL MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY TEMPARATURE SOURCE : A constitutional History of India in Hindu Times Ayaswal, Kashi Prasad (1978). GEOGRAPHY • Located between 27’9 and 20’5 north latitude and 86’35 and 92’30 east longitude. VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE | A R 1 0 0 1 arch.hussain This is because of the Bengalian soil structure. PAKISTAN. COURTYARD House of the tribal people. Vernacular architecture of west bangal authorstream. Bangla type structure DISHALA BANDH GHAR (house of two large rooms on two separate platforms and an open place between them); The state is long and narrow, running from the delta of the Ganges river system at the Bay of Bengal in the south to the heights of the Himalayas at Darjeeling in the north WEST BENGAL: GEOGRAPHY : WEST BENGAL: GEOGRAPHY Placed with three international frontiers - Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan Add your article. WEST BENGAL: AT A GLANCE Conclusion VISHNUPUR,WEST BENGAL BAMBOO THATCH/KHAD Classification Of Rural House : Classification Of Rural House Structurally, the traditional rural houses may be grouped in seven types: VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE | A R 1 0 0 1 © 2014 authorSTREAM. Northern Bengal . Rainfall is rare in winter . 3. Bengal is not rich in good stone for building, and traditional Bengali architecture mostly uses brick and wood, often reflecting the styles of the wood, bamboo and thatch styles of local vernacular architecturefor houses. 0000001701 00000 n Zonal Vernacular Architecture . H��W�N7�_�ﰗk�cE ��TIK�io.N)��N��H���ݵg,-� al��73��x��7��g�ov_���}�|go���s�$h�_�b�jT���g��&J���^�ڝy�}Z �l;?m�L)YΡ����mH>����w���L&�N�Y���t--_ /�����b��N�*���1�2�;c�'"�������� ���[��/b��3�:n��]㦓ʀ햸�2$e��AW��L!��5y�`YW7�u�o��\��0J�͂Dw�9"5���� +���"�# $|����9�y���c�dH/�V�'��?7:k�3?F���윕�x7�ZW��9NYWOK]9i�HIddlM�6*����5�)�_�L;����,H �:�MP� �)5X�-���FK:LR. This is the daily life picture of Bengal. What style did the rulers of Bengal use in the building - 19212526 LIMITATIONS: India has coastline of 7,516.6 km, which covers eight states and has large variety of vernacular architectural construction techniques. Bengali architecture includes ancient urban architecture, religious architecture, rural vernacular architecture, colonial townhouses and country houses, and modern urban styles. (late 18th century) Technology Adapted : Technology Adapted The frame of a bangla was typically constructed entirely of bamboo, though wood posts and beams were occasionally used in the houses of the very wealthy. The most elemental pavilion is the rustic ‘Bengal Hut’ where the vernacular architecture starts. West Bengal is located at 21o31' and 27o14' North Latitude & 86o35' and 89o53' East Longitude 0000008466 00000 n Contemporary and Vernacular. www.google.com Architecture helps the man-made fit in harmony with the environment while promoting health and well-being, enriching… In order to view it, please 0000001069 00000 n Copy, Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed, WordPress Embed trailer <<32862EA0053111E19DF7000D93C93E90>]>> startxref 0 %%EOF 97 0 obj<>stream Where the mud was not suitable for this purpose, walls were constructed of bunches of straw or mats, tied to each other and to the bamboo frame to form walls. hi.. Factors influencing Vernacular architecture Oraons. Central Bengal CLIMATIC These temples are vernacular architectural adaptations of the traditional Bengali’s hut that portrays typical Chala roof. 0000001376 00000 n 0000001153 00000 n 0000000736 00000 n CLEARSTOREY The study of this type of architecture is of utter importance as 90% of world architecture is vernacular and only 5-10% structure designed by architect. (109 month(s) ago). architecture is vernacular and only 5-10% structure designed by architect. We went there to document the village, study the vernacular architecture, their livelihood, lifestyle and culture. TEMPARATURE Vocabulary. To prevent users from facing this, Use HTTPS option. SOUTHERN BENGAL Policies, legislation and curricular matters. New Kolkata Architecture, chronological: 21 Jan 2020 The Orient Restaurants reflecting Feng Shui & Taoism Architects: Salient image courtesy of architects The Orient – Chain of Restaurants in Kolkata The … 0000003436 00000 n (110 month(s) ago), please can you send me the presentation on forum mall to the bellow id South West Bengal Most of the local deities in Bengal which were worshiped in huts, when transformed incorporating the services of Brahmins, were housed in brick temples copying its original form. Kolkata Buildings News. LIMITATIONS: India has coastline of 7,516.6 km, which covers eight states and has large variety of vernacular architectural construction techniques. Bengal Terracotta Temples Though there are a host of testimonies of human settlements in Bengal since prehistoric times there is a sad shortage of archaeological evidence. Vernacular architecture in cold Kerala is situated on the south-western coast climate zone: of India bound by Arabian Sea in west and Western Ghats in the East. Indian vernacular architecture the informal, functional architecture of structures, often in rural areas of India, built of local materials and designed to meet the needs of the local people. GRASS THATCH/ KHAD (STRAW FROM DRIED PADDY OR WHEAT PLANTS) LOCATION Anjan Gupta received his Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch) degree from Bengal Engineering College, University of Calcutta in , Master of City Planning (MCP) degree from Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur in and Master of Architecture (M.Arch) from Iowa State University Ames, USA in . Woman use fingers to cover the Embed: Vishnupur, West Bengal Form and climatic response : Form and climatic response Bunglas are always thatched with straw on the roof and the walls are sometimes of bricks and often of mats. While the concrete houses in the vicinity suffered broken window panes or missing … the Rajput architecture. The project was rightly coined ‘The Hillcrest’ by its Kolkata based design firm- Manoj Singhal & … The Chala roof is gable type with two-, four- or eight – sloping roofs with curved edges or cornices meeting at a curved ridge. SOUTHERN BENGAL : 3. REFERENCES : REFERENCES TEMPLE ARCHITECTURE OF EASTERN INDIA – Dr. AJAY KHARE The BANGLA was a hut, generally built with a distinctively curved roof ,also called EKABANGLA Introduction to Vernacular architecture 5. CENTRAL BENGAL contact the author of the presentation. The architecture of bengal, which comprises the modern country of bangladesh and the indian states of west bengal, bihar, orissa, tripura, assam's barak valley, has a long and rich history, blending indigenous elements from the indian subcontinent, with influences from different parts of the world.Bengali architecture includes ancient urban architecture, religious architecture, rural. central bay covered by charchala roof with great effect. T he morning after Cyclone Amphan tore through the southern part of West Bengal, a curious crowd lined up in front of Linus Kendall and Rupsa Nath’s house in Baruipur. In India B.V.Dhoshi, Laurie Baker and Charles Correa are the pioneers of integrating Vernacular Architecture in Contemporary architecture. . 0000007240 00000 n with wattle walls finished in a thick flowers, animals such as peacocks and 4. WEST BENGAL:AT A GLANCE (History, Geography and Climate) Prior to Partition of Bengal in 1947 (a part ofPartition of INDIA), The British Indian Province ofBengal comprised of Modern day Indian state- WestBengal and Independent country- Bangladesh. & GEOLOGICAL LOCAL MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY SLOPED ROOF Many structural relics are still in existence to fill up the gap separating the prehistoric men for their historic descendants. GEOGRAPHY ● The Ganges - Brahmaputra delta also kmown as Brahmaputra delta or Sunderbans delta or Bengal delta ● It... 3. Traditional Bengali Temple. %PDF-1.6 %���� The general building tradition in the area uses clay walls plastered on a bamboo framework or rammed earth core walls up to two stories. [2] First Year Study Tour-Settlement Study Report, 2009-2010, Sinhgad College of Architecture Guided by Design . Bengal at a glance 2. BENGAL : ZONAL CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO THE CLIMATIC CONDITIONS : BENGAL : ZONAL CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO THE CLIMATIC CONDITIONS NORTHERN BENGAL 0000011938 00000 n remarkable more for decoration Bengal was spilt into East and West Bengal Art of Bengal, which was mainly religious in nature, was expressed through the medium of temples. Zonal Vernacular Architecture vernacular architecture. SOUTH WEST BENGAL In the south west, the borderland abutting Bihar and Orissa SLOPED ROOF The building becomes a vessel for carrying codi ied information. After studying and doing my research in Classic vernacular approach in West Bengal I decided to carve it in 3d. The name Technology Adapted : Technology Adapted The quality and durability of the paddy-straw for thatching has been reduced, hence the need for roof maintenance has increased over the years. Enter one or more tags separated Modernism in architecture may be understood as a … SOUTH WEST BENGAL : 4. Vernacular architecture of west bangal authorstream. It develops over time to resonate the culture, traditions, history, environment, resident’s desires and needs and economy of the locality. Rainfall averaging 348 cms. Wedged between vernacular architecture tends to evolve over time to reflect . West Bengal bɛnˈɡɔːl Bengali: Paschim Banga is a state in the eastern region of India along the Bay of Bengal With over 91 million inhabitants as DG IGP of West. And looking to shortage of time among these all vernacular architecture my study will be in focused in above mentioned six vernacular architecture styles in … West Bengal : Its geography Indian vernacular architecture is the informal, functional architecture of structures, often in rural areas of India, built of local materials and designed to meet the needs of the local people. Water use and reuse, rainwater harvesting techniques, water purification techniques, recycling and purification of waste water. all images © Gunther Deichmann | contact | Gunther Deichmann Photographer & Apple Certified Pro Trainer. NORTHERN BENGAL CLIMATIC 0000001890 00000 n Hooghly Villa - Contemporary Architecture Celebrating the Regional Vernacular Inspired by Terracotta Art Terracotta art and Sculptures are an intricate part of Bankura, Bishnupur, Murshidabad and Barrackpore in West Bengal. Numeric tags are not allowed. . �fz\�w���!����Li@�e�[˒az�}�Y8LY�q�^i�]v3���S�� ���{b�f�������E:����;8� ��220 RAINFALL MUD/CLAY 0000007308 00000 n Kolkata Building News: Architecture. Flash DURABLE GRASS THATCHING Climatic & Geological : Climatic & Geological The area has subtropical monsoon climate dominated by heavy summer monsoon rains. Protection against monsoon rains: eaves, galleries, drainage, elevated ground floors CONTENTS 1. All forms of vernacular architecture are built to meet specific needs, accommodating the values, economies and ways of life of the cultures that produce them. . Climatic design responses reflecting the local micro-climate with special focus on cooling and shading, improved natural ventilation, cross ventilation, roof top ventilation, window openings, open bamboo shutters x�b```b``6a`e`��ab@ !6 �� Rajputs, Jats, Sikhs all incorporated it into their monumental 3.TECHNOLOGY ADAPTED Slide 8: 1. 0000004856 00000 n MUD AND DUNG The Neolithic and other prehistoric men of Bihar handed down their art tradition to their progeny in the historic period. Bengal at a glance Latitude 27 and 28 degrees north, and longitude 87 to 89 degrees east. The walls are plastered with dung www.banglapedia.com. BAY OF BENGAL. vernacular architecture vernacular architecture is a category of architecture based on localized needs and construction mterials, and reflecting local traditions. The thatched roof generally extended beyond the walls to provide additional shelter from the rains and one side of the roof was often extended four or five feet beyond the wall and supported by a row of bamboo poles to create a small veranda. post updated 12 Oct 2020. Architecture provides a sense of place and support of all types of human activity. Customize Embed, Thumbnail: The size of the huts varied little. Introduction to Vernacular architecture AFGHANISTAN. Other Influenced Architecture : Other Influenced Architecture The rural form of house, the BANGLA , influenced the Mughal and rchitects CHOUSHALA (four rooms on four raised sides and a uthan or open space in the middle); THICK WALLS LOCATION Kolkata Buildings, West Bengal Architecture, Calcutta Property News, Designs, Pictures. download the file... By: CENTRAL BENGAL CLIMATIC The climate varies between the tropical heat of the valleys and 10 Examples of Contemporary Vernacular architecture 7 Mins Read. Many structural relics are still in existence to fill up the gap separating the prehistoric men for their historic descendants. 0000002033 00000 n Vernacular architecture 1. The bungalowstyle is a notable architectural e… New Kolkata Architecture, chronological: 21 Jan 2020 The Orient Restaurants reflecting Feng Shui & Taoism Architects: Salient image courtesy of architects of two great Indian Empires. Winter on the plains is also mild, with minimum temperatures rarely dropping below 15°C TRADITIONAL BUILDINGS OF INDIA – EILAY COOPER AND BARRY DAWSON Ladakh experiences cold and sunny type of climate. SOUTH FACING WINDOWS Decorative carved or moulded plaques of terracotta are all considered to be a special feature of the Sultanate architecture. References [1] Dengle, Narendra, ‘Introvert and Extrovert Spaces of Marathi House’.Architecture+ Design, vol X, No 6 (Nov-Dec 1993), New Delhi. “The potters’ village of Panchmura, in Bankura district of West Bengal, is a small and self-sufficient village. CENTRAL BENGAL : 2. all images © Gunther Deichmann | contact | Gunther Deichmann Photographer & Apple Certified Pro Trainer. Modernist Architecture Modern refers to the core values of “Enlightenment - the centrality of reason, the belief in progress, the virtues of individualism, and faith in the scientific method” (Bloland, 2005, p.122). All rights reserved. Fine terracotta art in temples and sculptures is closely connected with communities living in Bankura, Bishnupur, Murshidabad, and Barrackpore areas of West Bengal. lin22 LIME The humidity is thus substantially reduced, making winter a very pleasant season on the plains During summer the maximum temperature exceeds more than 40°C, and in winter minimum temperatures can drop to about 7ºC. & GEOLOGICAL LOCAL MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY RAMMED EARTH Wood was the basic material of Mauryan architecture. 2.LOCAL MATERIALS USED A Unique House With A Blend of Vernacular & Modern Architecture “I am originally from Stockholm, Sweden but I have been working in the sustainability domain in India for the past 10 years. the alpine cold of the snowy regions. Most web browsers block content or generate a “mixed content” warning when users access web pages via HTTPS that contain embedded content loaded via HTTP. Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Pinterest Google+ Email. Technology Adapted : Technology Adapted In many banglas, the door was the only opening, this opening might be covered by a wooden door which folded from the side. ATCHALA (house with eight roofs, four over the main building and four over the verandas attached on each side), Classification Of Rural House : Classification Of Rural House POSTAGHAR (house constructed on elevated platform); coat of mud and dung mix, are The more recent work is set in context by an important section on the late modernist work of the 1950s-70s, reflecting on how modernists working in Bangladesh drew on Bengal cultural roots and vernacular architecture in their work. 0000001970 00000 n Southern Bengal 0000006087 00000 n BAMBOO FRAMEWORK You do not have the permission to view this presentation. Share . 76 0 obj <> endobj xref 76 22 0000000016 00000 n 2. Another reason behind the imitation of vernacular hut form for temple construction was the evolution of local cults that occurred during the same period. The north is cooler, but the humidity is high. (107 month(s) ago), Hello...very nice presentation ... can u allow me to download the same..rchitects@gmail.com, By: The maxims related to vernacular architecture, belongs to subaltern astrologer Khona; which reflect human nature in general, suggesting that the composer or composers were intimate to this land and were acquainted with the ways of life here in Bengal. Indian vernacular architecture the informal, functional architecture of structures, often in rural areas of India, built of local materials and designed to meet the needs of the local people. Top West Bengal Architectural Buildings: See reviews and photos of architectural buildings in West Bengal, India on Tripadvisor. There are curtains over the doorway to keep out the wind. Vernacular Architecture. The most pervasive architectural presence in this delta is the ‘pavilion structure’. 7. With gable ended roof, Tomb The most pervasive architectural presence in this delta is the ‘pavilion structure’. 4. and painted annually as a part of Evidences of this process can be seen in vernacular/ traditional architecture. This has led to the use of modern concrete based and brick walls constructions being used in the few newer buildings in the rural areas and more commonly in the towns 4. Copy, By: East Bengal became the eastern wing, Bangladesh Indian vernacular architecture the informal, functional architecture of structures, often in rural areas of India, built of local materials and designed to meet the needs of the local people.